Author(s): Yang Liu
Series: Springer Theses
Publisher: Springer International Publishing, Year: 2018
Cancer has become a significant threat to human health with more than eight million deaths each year, and novel methods for cancer management to improve patients’ overall survival are urgently needed. The developed multifunctional GNS nanoprobe with tip-enhanced plasmonics in the near-infrared region can be combined with (1) surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS), (2) two-photon photoluminescence (TPL), (3) X-ray computed tomography (CT), (4) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), (5) positron emission tomography (PET), and (6) photothermal therapy (PTT) for cancer imaging and treatment. The ability of the GNS nanoprobe to detect submillimeter intracranial brain tumors was demonstrated using PET scan – a superior non-invasive imaging modality – in a mouse animal model. In addition, delayed rechallenge with repeated cancer cell injection in cured mice did not lead to new tumor formation, indicating generation of a memorized immune response to cancer.
The biocompatible gold nanostars with superior capabilities for cancer imaging and treatment have great potential for translational medicine applications.